Defense Against Crime

30/01/2018

January is Human Trafficking Awareness Month

Imagine these scenarios:

  • You are on vacation in a foreign country with your family, you have an 8-year-old shutterstock_492622561-750x551daughter with you. You are our shopping and while you are looking at some merchandise, your child disappears.  Unknown to you, they snatched by strangers.
  • You see an advertisement for models. The ad promise that selected models can make lots of money, and travel around the world. You are required to have a passport to bring on the interview, as well as a portfolio. No experience is required  You go on the interview and are never seen again.

What happened to these people?  They became sex-slaves.  It doesn’t matter the age; it doesn’t matter the gender. Almost, anyone could become a sex slave. Some people are abducted, some people are forced into it, some are sold into the business by their own families.

I’ve seen documentaries filmed in poor countries where families would pimp their young children to earn money to live. Don’t think it doesn’t happen here?

 

Here are the facts about this crime!

  • In 2014, Sex trafficking was a lucrative industry making an estimated $99 billion a year.
  • A 2012 report estimated that at least 9 million adults and children are bought and sold worldwide into commercial sexual servitude, forced labor, and bonded labor.
  • A 2005 UNICEF report estimated that about 2 million children are exploited every year in the global commercial sex trade.
  • According to a 2016 UNODC TIP Report, 54% of trafficking victims are trafficked for sexual exploitation.
  • The same UNODE Tip reported that Women and girls make up 96% of victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation.

One website I found had the following…

Sex is not the only motive for human tracking, modern-day slavery is another. It is estimated that there are over 40 million people who are trapped in this condition, even in the United States.

The terms Human trafficking and modern-day slavery are both umbrella terms – often used interchangeably – that refers to the exploitation of people through the means of the use of threats or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, and/or deception. Human trafficking includes the practices of unpaid forced labor, debt bondage, cheap domestic servitude, forced marriage, sex trafficking, , and the recruitment and use of child soldiers, and other forms. The most common forms of exploitation are cheap forced labor, which, according to the International Labor Organization, impacts 24.9 million people a year – 16 million in private sector exploitation, 4 million in state-sanctioned forced labor, and 4.8 million in sex trafficking – and forced marriage, which enslaves 15.4 million individuals. The ILO estimates that forced labor generates $150 billion in illegal profits each year.

Trafficked persons may be forced or coerced to work in a variety of settings, both hidden and in plain sight. Some examples include factories, “sweatshops,” fields, brothels, “massage” parlors, online escort services, on street corners, as child soldiers, or in private homes. The most common industries associated with the trafficking in persons include agriculture, construction, garment and textile manufacturing, catering and restaurants, domestic work, entertainment, and the sex industry.

While human trafficking spans all demographics, trafficked persons most often come from positions of vulnerability. Those most vulnerable to trafficking include: Prior to their trafficking situation, individuals may:

  • Come from a low socio-economic background.
  • Be homeless or have run away from home.
  • Be a political, cultural, or ethnic minority.
  • Be an immigrant (legal or illegal)
  • Have a history of sexual abuse, rape, or domestic violence
  • Be in a foster care system
  • Have been subject to natural disasters, conflict, or political turmoil

 

These vulnerabilities are the result of policies and practices that marginalize entire groups of people and make them particularly susceptible to exploitation. Traffickers use these vulnerabilities to their advantage and use a number of tactics to establish control over victims.  One tactic is to threaten to have them deported.  Other methods include the use of violence, isolation, threats, deception, manipulation, debt bondage, prospects of an education, and romance. Traffickers may operate alone with one or many victims or may be a part of an extensive criminal network. Examples of trafficking rings include: gang members, family members, pimps, business owners, or smugglers.

What you can do

Remember this is a multi-billion-dollar industry. If you do anything that can disrupt someone money, it could cost you your life. Do not at any time attempt to confront a suspected trafficker directly or alert a victim to your suspicions. Your safety as well as the victim’s safety is paramount.  Instead, please contact local law enforcement directly or call the tip lines indicated on this page:

  • Call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE (1-866-347-2423)to report suspicious criminal activity to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Tip Line 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. The Tip Line is accessible outside the United States by calling 802-872-6199.
  • Submit a tip at ice.gov/tips.  Highly trained specialists take reports from both the public and law enforcement agencies on more than 400 laws enforced by ICE HSI, including those related to human trafficking.
  • To get help from the National Human Trafficking Hotline (NHTH), call 1-888-373-7888 or text HELP or INFO to BeFree (233733). The NHTH can help connect victims with service providers in the area and provides training, technical assistance, and other resources. The NHTH is a national, toll-free hotline available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. The NHTH is not a law enforcement or immigration authority and is operated by a nongovernmental organization funded by the Federal government.

 

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