What they are and the steps to staying safe from becoming a victim
By PepperEyes.com – Personal Protection Devices
For many years a new kind of rape threat has reared it’s ugly head at bars, on college campuses, at house parties, and in various nightclubs – they can be called “predator” or “date rape” drugs. You may have heard of them, but what exactly are date rape drugs? Strictly speaking, any substance that renders a person incapable of saying no or asserting yourself and your needs can be used to commit the act of sexual rape. This can include items such as like alcohol, marijuana or other street drugs, designer or club drugs like ecstasy, over-the-counter sleeping pills and antihistamines, even cold medications. However, the term “date rape drug” usually applies to the drugs like , Gamma Hydroxy Butyrate (GHB) , Rohypnol, and Ketamine Hydrochloride. Listed below are the various types of “Date Rape Drugs” and how they are used.
When people hear the phrase “date rape drug,” alcohol isn’t usually what comes to mind. But, as these statistics show, the link between alcohol and campus sexual assaults is evident:
90% of all campus rapes occur when alcohol has been used by either the assailant or the victim.
55% of female students and 75% of male students involved in acquaintance rape admit to having been drinking or using drugs when the incident occurred.
As many as 70% of college students admit to having engaged in sexual activity primarily as a result of being under the influence of alcohol, or to having sex they wouldn’t have had if they had been sober.
Understanding the effects of alcohol on your body, limiting your alcohol consumption and avoiding drinking games are some of the ways you can decrease the risk of sexual assault. Know what alcohol can do to you can help in you in the following ways:
1. You can make a more informed decision about whether or not to drink.
2. You can recognize the warning signs of dangerous intoxication and call EMS for a friend.
3. You can reduce the risks associated with using alcohol, including injury, unwanted sex and being a victim of crime.
4. If you choose to drink, you can make safer decisions about drinking.
5. You can get help for yourself or for a friend.
GHB stands for gamma hydroxybutyrate, a central nervous system sedative often referred to by other names such as “Liquid Ecstasy” or “Grievous Bodily Harm.” GHB can produce drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, unconsciousness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, and coma. Overdose of GHB can occur quickly and can be fatal. GHB is typically an odorless, colorless liquid, with a slightly salty taste. It is classified as a sedative and is in the same drug family as Rohypnol and ketamine.
GHB is used as a general anesthetic in Europe; however, the drug is illegal in the US. It has been used in this country as a date rape drug: it can be slipped into a victim’s drink, causing dizziness, confusion, drowsiness and sometimes loss of consciousness. When GHB is combined with alcohol, it is especially dangerous because the combination of two depressants can lead to overdose.
GHB is generally taken in a liquid form, though it is sometimes found in powder, tablet, or capsules. Since in its liquid form the strength of GHB varies, and people’s reactions to it vary, it is very easy to take a dangerous dose of this drug. The effects of the drug begin 10 to 20 minutes after taking it and last up to 4 hours.
Rohypnol is a brand name for a powerful sedative that is often referred to as “roofies.” Rohypnol is not legally available for prescription in the US and so just having it in your possession signals intent to commit a crime. Rohypnol may cause users to feel intoxicated; they may have slurred speech, impaired judgment, and difficulty walking. The effects are often felt within 10 minutes and can last up to 8 hours. Rohypnol can cause deep sedation, respiratory distress, and blackouts that can last up to 24 hours. Though it has gained popularity as a recreational drug. Colorless and odorless, it has been linked to numerous incidents of sexual assault because it is a fast-acting sleeping pill that can be slipped into a drink and leave the victim with little or no memory of the incident. The drug has been changed to leave telltale blue floating particles when mixed with liquids. If you see these in your drink, do not drink it. Get help and notify Police and Security immediately.
Ketamine is an injectable anesthetic that is intended for veterinary use. It is also known as Special K, K, Vitamin K or Cat Valiums. At high doses, ketamine can cause delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression, and potentially fatal respiratory problems. Low-dose intoxication from ketamine results in impaired attention, learning ability, and memory. It is most commonly used by veterinarians on large animals today. In the 1980s it began to be used recreationally as an intoxicant.
Ketamine is either sold as a dry white powder or a clear liquid (in its original pharmaceutical packaging). The powder is made by drying the liquid. The residue from this drying process is then crushed and snorted in small doses (called bumps). In rare cases ketamine is injected intramuscularly or smoked with tobacco or marijuana. Whether smoked or snorted, the effects begin in a few minutes and lasts less than an hour.
Why Rohypnol, GHB and Ketamine are used in Date Rapes:
While many sedatives have been used as date-rape drugs, Rohypnol, GHB and Ketamine are the ones you are most likely to encounter.
They are easy to administer. (Stir and dissolve)
When victims feel the effects, they often leave and are caught alone and vulnerable.
If victims ‘come to’ during an assault, the drugs render them totally helpless and unable to do anything.
GHB – is most often administered to victims as a clear liquid with a salty taste, but can also be found in capsule and powder forms.
Ketamine – Administered in liquid, tablet and powder form, Ketamine is a fast-acting general anesthetic often used by veterinarians.
Rohypnol – Often dropped into beverages in tablet form, Rohypnol is a potent and fast-acting sedative that dissolves rapidly, leaving no detectable taste, color or odor.
When victims are raped, they doubt their experience because of the impaired memory of it.
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF
PepperEyes.com desires that no one falls prey to a data rate drug and we recommend that you take all precautions to not become their next victim.
Whether you are at a bar, the student union or any public situation, keep yourself and your friends safe by doing these simple things:
- Never leave a drink unattended. NEVER.
- Do not accept a drink from anyone you would not “put your life into their hands.” Remember, any stranger or casual acquaintance could be suspect. Even those people who are mixing or pouring drinks.)
- If you are feeling sick or dizzy while out socially, go to someone you KNOW and TRUST. If there is no person you can talk to about your condition, call someone on the phone. Never leave alone or with a strnager. NEVER. (The intent of date rape drugs is to get you isolated and then to assault you.) If you think you have been drugged and cannot tell or call someone, call 911. A blood sample can be collected and appropriate tests run.
- Remember, alcohol greatly increases the effects of these drugs. The mixture could be lethal.
- Attend parties or bars with a group of friends, arranging beforehand to watch each other’s drinks. If you arrive as a group, leave as a group.
- Watch out for your friends. If a friend shows symptoms of date-rape drug ingestion, seek medical attention immediately.
Signs to look for include: Dizziness and/or nausea, memory loss, breathing or motion difficulties, and acting disproportionately intoxicated relative to the amount of alcohol consumed.
- To prevent yourself and your friends from becoming victims of date-rape drug, you need to know what you are up against.
Don’t come their next victim